The Supreme Court has officially overturned Roe v. Wade, eliminating federal abortion protections that stood for almost 50 years. On Friday, June 24, the conservative majority released its opinion in Dobbs v. Jackson Women’s Health Organization, confirming the outcome a leak made clear in May when Politico published a draft ruling by Justice Samuel Alito. Roe prohibited states from outlawing abortion before viability (around 24 weeks into a pregnancy) and after, in cases where pregnancy turned out to threaten the patient’s life or health. In Dobbs, Mississippi challenged those terms directly, asking the Court to uphold its 15-week ban by overturning that precedent and allowing individual states to decide whether and when abortion should be allowed. It complied: “The Constitution does not confer a right to abortion.” Overturning Roe and Planned Parenthood v. Casey, a 1992 decision that upheld the constitutional right to abortion, the Supreme Court ruled, “The authority to regulate abortion is returned to the people and their elected representatives.”
Reproductive-justice advocates expect catastrophic fallout. Without Roe, the Guttmacher Institute predicts that abortion will be explicitly or effectively outlawed in at least 26 states. According to one estimate, 41 percent of women of childbearing age, mostly across the South and Midwest, may lose access to their nearest clinic, potentially increasing their average travel time by hundreds of miles. Republicans have been chipping away at access in these states for years, making abortion virtually inaccessible even in areas where it was technically legal. But as abortion becomes illegal throughout the South and much of the Midwest, patients will have even fewer options. A Mississippi resident, for example, won’t be able to rely on clinics across its borders for much longer: Louisiana and Tennessee both have trigger laws on the books, while Arkansas and Alabama have near-total bans that will likely take effect now. Many patients in the worst-affected regions will soon be looking at much longer and costlier trips if they want to terminate in blue states.
Which is why the best thing you can do, if you’re feeling terrified and want to take action, is donate to an abortion fund: an on-the-ground organization that helps arrange and pay for abortion care for patients who need it. These funds can help pay for transportation and lodging for patients who have to travel hours just to access health care.
The list of funds below is alphabetically ordered by state: 13 have so-called trigger laws in place, designed to automatically outlaw abortion almost entirely as soon as Roe is struck down. It should be noted that funds are listed next to the states in which they are based, but many funds help people seeking care from multiple states. If you are interested in finding out where exactly a fund operates, visit its website.
Hostile (states with lawmakers likely or certain to prohibit abortion):
Alabama: Yellowhammer Fund, Access Reproductive Care-Southeast
In 2019, Alabama enacted a total ban on abortion — which Roe’s precedent had blocked from taking effect — that would criminalize providing abortion care.
Arizona: Abortion Fund of Arizona, Tuscon Abortion Support Collective
Arizona has a pre-Roe abortion ban, as well as severe restrictions — including a 15-week ban signed into law in March 2022 — already in place.
Arkansas: Arkansas Abortion Support Network
Arkansas passed a trigger ban intended to prohibit abortion in 2019.
Florida: Florida Access Network, Access Reproductive Care-Southeast
In 2022, Florida’s governor signed a bill into law banning abortion after 15 weeks, which does not make exceptions for cases of incest, rape, or human trafficking.
Georgia: Access Reproductive Care-Southeast
Georgia has enacted a six-week abortion ban that, once enforceable, would effectively prohibit all abortion.
Idaho: Northwest Abortion Access Fund
Idaho enacted a trigger ban in 2019 that would take effect 30 days after the Supreme Court overturns Roe.
Indiana: All-Options Hoosier Abortion Fund
Indiana has numerous restrictions that make abortion inaccessible and, per Guttmacher, “[pave] the way for a comprehensive ban.”
Iowa: Iowa Abortion Access Fund
Iowa has passed legislation banning abortion as early as six weeks, with only a few narrow exceptions. A court struck down that law after the State Supreme Court issued a ruling protecting abortion rights in 2018, but Republican lawmakers are working to advance an amendment saying the state constitution does not allow those protections.
Kentucky: Kentucky Health Justice Network, A Fund, Inc.
The Kentucky legislature effectively ended abortion services throughout the state in April 2022, and in 2019, it enacted a trigger ban that would prohibit abortion if Roe were overturned.
Louisiana: New Orleans Abortion Fund
Among other restrictions, Louisiana has a trigger law banning abortion after Roe is reversed “in whole or in part.”
Michigan: Fountain Street Church Choice Fund, Reclaim MI WIN Fund
Michigan has a pre-Roe abortion ban still in place. The current governor supports abortion rights, but access in the state is incredibly restricted.
Mississippi: Mississippi Reproductive Freedom Fund, Access Reproductive Care-Southeast
Mississippi has a pre-Roe ban, a post-Roe trigger ban, and a six-week abortion ban that’s currently blocked from taking effect.
Missouri: Missouri Abortion Fund
Missouri has a trigger ban intended to prohibit all abortion as well as an eight-week abortion ban that’s currently blocked from taking effect.
Montana: Susan Wickland Fund
Though Montana’s highest court recognized the right to “procreative autonomy” in its constitution, the state’s legislature still enacted abortion restrictions in 2021, though they are temporarily enjoined under the law.
Nebraska: Abortion Access Fund - Bellevue, NE
Nebraska has a ban on abortions after 20 weeks. The Guttmacher Institute deems it “likely to ban abortion as soon as possible without federal protections in place.”
North Dakota: North Dakota Women in Need Abortion Access Fund
North Dakota enacted a near-total trigger ban in 2007, which would take effect after the legislature approves a recommendation from the state attorney general clearing the maneuver as constitutional.
Ohio: Preterm Access Fund, Women Have Options - Ohio
In 2019, Ohio enacted a six-week ban on abortion that was blocked from taking effect, but won’t be without Roe.
Oklahoma: Roe Fund
Oklahoma has two pre-Roe abortion bans on the books, and in May 2022, its governor signed a near-total ban into law, which took effect immediately.
South Carolina: Carolina Abortion Fund, Access Reproductive Care-Southeast
In 2021, South Carolina’s governor signed a six-week ban into effect, which was subsequently blocked by the courts. In Roe’s absence, the law would make most abortions illegal throughout the state.
South Dakota: South Dakota Access for Every Woman
South Dakota enacted a near-total trigger ban in 2005, which would go into effect as soon as states are allowed to ban abortion.
Tennessee: Abortion Care Tennessee, Access Reproductive Care-Southeast
Not only does Tennessee’s constitution bar protection for abortion rights, but it also has a trigger law allowing the state to ban the procedure in most cases 30 days after the Supreme Court overrules Roe “in whole or in part.”
Texas: Fund Texas Choice, West Fund, Texas Equal Access Fund, Stigma Relief Fund, Clinic Access Support Network, Lilith Fund, SYS (Support your Sistah), The Bridge Collective, Jane’s Due Process, Buckle Bunnies Fund
In 2021, Texas enacted a trigger ban intended to prohibit abortion in almost all situations, and also has a six-week ban that allows private individuals to sue abortion providers or helpers in Texas courts.
Utah: Utah Abortion Fund
Utah enacted a trigger ban in 2020, which would outlaw most abortions after the legislative general counsel certifies that a court ruling allows it to do so.
West Virginia: Women’s Health Center of West Virginia Choice Fund, Holler Health Justice
West Virginia never removed its pre-Roe ban from the books, and in 2018, passed an amendment to the state constitution barring protection for abortion rights.
Wisconsin: Women’s Medical Fund
Wisconsin has an unenforced pre-Roe ban.
Wyoming: Chelsea’s Fund
In March 2022, Wyoming passed a trigger ban that would outlaw abortion five days after the Supreme Court overturns Roe.
Not protected (states in which abortion will remain but without legal protection):
Kansas: Kansas Abortion Fund
In 2019, the Kansas Supreme Court ruled that the state constitution protects abortion rights — but in August 2022, voters will weigh in on an amendment directly challenging that decision. If the amendment passes without Roe as a backdrop, a Republican supermajority will have the opportunity to pursue restrictions on par with Kansas’s conservative neighbors’.
New Hampshire: Reproductive Freedom Fund of New Hampshire
New Hampshire outlaws a safe second-trimester abortion procedure with no exception to protect a woman’s health.
New Mexico: New Mexico Religious Coalition for Reproductive Choice, West Fund NM, Mariposa Fund, Indigenous Women Rising
In early 2021, New Mexico’s governor signed a law overturning the state’s unenforced pre-Roe ban. Nonetheless, the constitution lacks explicit protections, even as it accepts clinic overflow from more hostile states like Texas.
Pennsylvania: Women’s Medical Fund, Western Pennsylvania Fund for Choice
Abortion access in Pennsylvania is extremely restricted. The state does not have a trigger ban, but abortion would be without legal protection if Roe were overturned, leaving patients and providers vulnerable to criminalization.
Virginia: Richmond Reproductive Freedom Project, Blue Ridge Abortion Fund, DC Abortion Fund – VA, Stigma Relief Fund – VA
In 2020, Virginia’s then-governor eased abortion restrictions, but it remains uncodified in the state constitution. His replacement, however, identifies as “pro-life” and seems to support further restrictions.
This post has been updated.
- Abortion Wins Elections
- ‘They Really Wanted to See My Baby Get Taken Away’
- How Dobbs Upended Med Students’ Futures